The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb, moderate-protein, and high-fat diet. Only 5% to 10% of the calories on a strict ketogenic diet come from carbohydrates, despite the fact that the body prefers to receive its energy from these sources. When carbohydrate consumption is decreased, the body goes into a metabolic state called ketosis. Ketosis is the state reached when the body starts utilising stored fat molecules known as ketone bodies for energy instead of circulating blood sugar from food.
Choosing the ingredients keto can be challenging. Even if you are aware that the ketogenic diet is a very low-carb, high-fat, moderate-protein one, it can still be challenging at times. Here is our list of ketogenic diet-friendly foods, foods you should avoid, and foods you can have in moderation.
Fish and seafood
Fish is a food that is high in protein, low in carbohydrates, and high in B vitamins, potassium, and selenium. According to a review from 2022 that was published in Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, salmon, sardines, mackerel, albacore tuna, and other fatty fish have high levels of omega-3 fats, which have been found to improve haemoglobin A1c levels, a test that measures your blood sugar levels over the course of three months. Another study found a connection between regular fish consumption and better mental health as well as a lower risk of chronic disease. Advances in Nutrition published this review in the year 2020. Every week, try to eat two meals of fatty fish that are 3 ounces each.
Vegetables with Fewer Carbs
Nonstarchy vegetables are high in vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C, but low in calories and carbohydrates. Additionally, they include antioxidants, which aid in protecting against free radicals, which damage cells. Pick non-starchy vegetables with a maximum of 8 grammes of net carbs per cup portion.
Cheese is a perfect fit for the ketogenic diet because it has no carbs and is high in fat. The acceptable vegetables are broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, bell peppers, zucchini, and spinach. It is also rich in
Cottage cheese with Greek yoghurt
Yoghurt and cottage cheese are both high in protein and calcium. Seven ounces of plain Greek yoghurt contain about 8 grams of carbohydrates and 20 grammes of protein. Eight ounces of cottage cheese contain 28 grams of protein and just over 6 grammes of carbohydrates. A 2019 Nutrients study found that calcium and protein can both heighten feelings of satiety. High-fat dairy products like cottage cheese and yoghurt may help you feel satisfied for longer, and full-fat foods are acceptable on the ketogenic diet.
Choose monounsaturated fat, which is beneficial for your heart, and heart-healthy fats like avocados, which are rich in potassium, a nutrient that many Americans lack. One-half of a medium avocado has about 6 grams of total carbs, 4.5 of which are fibre. A 2018 study that appeared in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that substituting plant fats like avocados for animal fats will help reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Poultry and meat
Because it provides a source of lean protein, meat is recognised as a staple food on the ketogenic diet. Fresh meat and poultry are low in carbohydrates and abundant in B vitamins as well as other minerals including potassium, selenium, and zinc. Despite the fact that processed meats like bacon and sausage are allowed on the ketogenic diet, a 2021 study concluded that they aren’t excellent for your heart and may raise your risk of acquiring several types of cancer. Reduce your intake of processed meats and up your intake of beef, fish, and fowl.
Eggs are a rich source of protein, B vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Two large eggs contain almost 12 grams of protein and no carbohydrates. It has been shown that eggs trigger the production of hormones that heighten fullness sensations and keep blood sugar levels stable. They also include antioxidants, such as lutein and zeaxanthin, which help the preservation of eye health, according to a study from 2020 that was published in Clinical Nutrition.
Good fats, nuts, and seeds
Nuts and seeds contain protein, fibre, and healthy polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. They also have a very low net carbohydrate content. Olive oil and coconut oil are the two oils advised for the ketogenic diet. Olive oil has been associated with a lower risk of heart disease because of its high oleic acid concentration. Although coconut oil contains a lot of saturated fat, it also contains medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), which can increase ketone production. Your metabolism might be sped up by MCTs, which would help you lose weight and abdominal fat. When consuming any healthy fat, measure your portions carefully.
Antioxidants, which reduce inflammation and provide disease prevention, are abundant in berries. They are low in carbs and high in fibre.
Coffee and tea without sugar
Plain coffee and tea are permitted on the keto diet because they include no grammes of fat, protein, or carbohydrates. A 2022 study also found that drinking coffee lowers the risk of cardiovascular illness. The European Journal of Preventative Cardiology published it. Tea may prevent cancer, decrease blood pressure and blood sugar, improve cognitive function, and have other health-promoting properties. It has less caffeine than coffee and is also high in antioxidants.
Chocolate bittersweet and cocoa powder
Dark chocolate contains flavanols, which by lowering blood pressure and preserving healthy arteries may reduce the risk of heart disease. Because of its abundance in antioxidants, cocoa is regarded as a “superfruit” and dark chocolate as particularly beneficial.
Thus you can see what you must eat if you want to follow the keto diet. The ingredients keto are very clear if you follow the above list.